In 1906, Joseph Conrad gave a brief description of Amsterdam as seen from the seaside, in The Mirror of the Sea. Amsterdam contains many other museums throughout the city. [82] The city's growth levelled off and the population stabilised around 240,000 for most of the 18th century. This can be attributed to an increasing number of European visitors. Amsterdam has a rich architectural history. After the independence of Suriname in 1975, a large wave of Surinamese settled in Amsterdam, mostly in the Bijlmer area. Describe Ile Amsterdam. [43] In 1602, the Amsterdam office of the international trading Dutch East India Company became the world's first stock exchange by trading in its own shares. Amsterdam's average annual precipitation is 838 mm (33 in). Located in Montgomery County, on the north bank of the Mohawk River, Amsterdam was first settled by Dutch immigrants in 1710. The municipal council of Amsterdam voted to maintain the borough system by replacing the district councils with smaller, but still directly elected district committees (bestuurscommissies). [66] Parks and nature reserves make up 12% of Amsterdam's land area.[67]. Amsterdam is a metropolitan municipality in the Dutch province of Noord-Holland. In recent times, religious demographics in Amsterdam have been changed by immigration from former colonies. They anchored off shore for the night and then were welcomed by the 28 inhabitants of the island the next morning. [111] A large influx of foreigners of many religions came to 17th-century Amsterdam, in particular Sefardic Jews from Spain and Portugal,[112][113] Huguenots from France,[114] Lutherans, Mennonites, and Protestants from across the Netherlands. Amsterdam Is One of the Capitals with the Most Museums in the World — When measured by museums per square metre, Amsterdam has more museums than most other capital cities of the world. Colloquially, some areas within the municipality, such as the town of Durgerdam, may not be considered part of Amsterdam. [239] Some of these primary schools base their teachings on particular pedagogic theories like the various Montessori schools. Ile Amsterdam Tourism and Vacations: Best of Ile Amsterdam. 11. [77] During the 1660s, Amsterdam's population reached 200,000. Other more subcultural music venues are OCCII, OT301, De Nieuwe Anita, Winston Kingdom, and Zaal 100. These streets have as the Negen Straatjes a large diversity of privately owned shops. Jazz has a strong following in Amsterdam, with the Bimhuis being the premier venue. Some, commonly referred by the moniker 'Walloon', are recognisable today as they offer occasional services in French. [139] The proportion of the population of immigrant origin in the city proper is about 50%[140] and 88% of the population are Dutch citizens. This ranges from Delftware to giant doll-houses from the 17th century. [119], Despite an absence of an official Jewish ghetto, most Jews preferred to live in the eastern part of the old medieval heart of the city. However, there are a handful of late night spots in Amsterdam that stay open well into the early morning throughout the working week, such as Discodolly or Belushi’s. 20th century, although there are also some striking examples of these styles in the city centre. Beyond the Grachtengordel are the former working-class areas of Jordaan and de Pijp. The city has many open squares (plein in Dutch). Due to new housing projects and immigration, the number is rising steadily. [132], Historically, Amsterdam has been predominantly Christian, in 1900 Christians formed the largest religious group in the city (70% of the population), Dutch Reformed Church formed 45% of the city population, while Roman Catholic formed 25% of the city population. It also houses paintings from artists like Bartholomeus van der Helst, Johannes Vermeer, Frans Hals, Ferdinand Bol, Albert Cuyp, Jacob van Ruisdael and Paulus Potter. The neighbourhoods consisted mainly of large housing blocks located among green spaces, connected to wide roads, making the neighbourhoods easily accessible by motor car. [143] In the early 17th century, when immigration was at a peak, a comprehensive plan was developed that was based on four concentric half-circles of canals with their ends emerging at the IJ bay. [42] Ships sailed from Amsterdam to the Baltic Sea, North America, and Africa, as well as present-day Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, and Brazil, forming the basis of a worldwide trading network. For example, the year 2006 was designated "Rembrandt 400", to celebrate the 400th birthday of Rembrandt van Rijn. [165] The Amsterdam Pirates baseball team competes in the Dutch Major League. In the 1950s Johnny Jordaan rose to fame with "Geef mij maar Amsterdam" ("I prefer Amsterdam"), which praises the city above all others (explicitly Paris); Jordaan sang especially about his own neighbourhood, the Jordaan ("Bij ons in de Jordaan"). If you’re into museums, then Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam is another one for you. [185] The Rijksmuseum (1885) and Stedelijk Museum (1895) were built and opened. Primarily known for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system and narrow houses with gabled façades; well-preserved legacies of the city's 17th-century Golden Age. They range from large and modern to small and cosy. Amsterdam gets visited by around 14 million tourists each year. The influx of Flemish printers and the city's intellectual tolerance made Amsterdam a centre for the European free press.[40]. First and centre are three St Andrew's crosses, aligned in a vertical band on the city's shield (although Amsterdam's patron saint was Saint Nicholas). The northeastern part of the square is bordered by the large Rijksmuseum. Today, people of non-Western origin make up approximately one-third of the population of Amsterdam, and more than 50% of the city' The shortages sparked riots in which several people were killed. [135] Islam is now the largest non-Christian religion in Amsterdam. The Amsterdam canal system is the result of conscious city planning. In front of the Rijksmuseum on the square itself is a long, rectangular pond. The old city centre is the focal point of all the architectural styles before the end of the 19th century. It consists of a network of canals, streets, and alleys containing several hundred small, one-room apartments rented by sex workers who offer their services from behind a window or glass door, typically illuminated with red lights. Amsterdam has three main theatre buildings. The last style that was popular in Amsterdam before the modern era was Art Deco. [170], Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, receiving more than 5.34 million international visitors annually, this is excluding the 16 million day-trippers visiting the city every year. They anchored offshore for the night. The city also features a large number of open-air markets such as the Albert Cuyp Market, Westerstraat-markt, Ten Katemarkt, and Dappermarkt. [166] with the survey determining London, Paris, Frankfurt and Barcelona as the four European cities surpassing Amsterdam in this regard. Amsterdam's high-end shops are found in the streets P.C. Only one in three inhabitants under 15 is an autochtoon, or a person who has two parents of Dutch origin. – For over 600 years only single women have lived at the courtyard Begijnhof. In the 17th century Amsterdam was the centre of world economy, and nowadays the city is known for its tolerant character. The theatre often has English programming. These riots are known as the Aardappeloproer (Potato rebellion). A comparative study of nine neighbourhoods undergoing physical and social economic regeneration", "Gentrification in Amsterdam: Assessing the Importance of Context", "Amsterdam is expanding, mainly due to immigration", "CBS StatLine – Bevolking; leeftijd, herkomstgroepering, geslacht en regio, 1 januari", "Half of young big-city dwellers have non-western background", "Bevolking naar herkomstgroepering, 1 January 2001–2006", "Wit is de 'nieuwe minderheid' in grote steden", "Bureau of Onderzoek en Statistiek: 'Geloven in Amsterdam, "Kerkelijke gezindte en kerkbezoek naar gemeenten 2010–2015", "The Architectural Origins of the Great Early Modern Urban Synagogue", "In Anne Frank's childhood neighborhood, the buildings do not forget", "New cultural quarter resurrects Amsterdam's Jewish past", "XIIIb: the apostolic letters of the most holy Lord Pius IX, by Divine Providence, pope, by which letters the episcopal hierarchy was re-established in Holland", "Valuing flexible citizenship: producing Surinamese Hindu citizens at a primary school in The Hague", "Half a century of Islamic education in Dutch schools", "Ghanaian churches in the Netherlands: Religion mediating a tense relationship", "Inwoneraantal Amsterdam blijft groeien – Gemeente Amsterdam", "Van Niftrik's plan at the Amsterdam City Archives", "Amsterdamse renaissance in de stijl van Hendrick de Keyser", "PC Hooftstraat World's Third Nicest Shopping Street", "Photographers Inez van Lamsweerde and Vinoodh Matadin's best shot", "Schouwburg | theatre, Amsterdam, Netherlands", "History of the Rijksmuseum – Organisation", "Feestelijke opening ijsbaan Museumplein", "Total number of visitors of the Rijksmuseum in the Netherlands in 2014 to 2017 (in millions)", "Historic number of visitors since the opening of Van Gogh Museum", "Amsterdams Lijflied: Stadsbewoners leven als oude wolven – AMSTERDAMS LIJFLIED – PAROOL", "ADE vorig jaar het best bezochte festival van Nederland", "FIG allocates 2023 World Gymnaestrada to Amsterdam",, "Dienst onderzoek & statistiek Amsterdam", "Stadsregio Amsterdam: English Information", "Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden", "Parkeren + Reizen (P+R) Amsterdam – I amsterdam", " – Geschiedenis Autosnelwegen in Nederland", "Ruim 10.000 parkeerplaatsen verdwijnen voor 2025", "Train to Amsterdam – London to Amsterdam – Eurostar", "Eurostar undertakes detailed planning for London – Amsterdam service", "easyJet to open Amsterdam Base in Spring 2015", "Core Numbers in Graphics: Fewer Bicycle Thefts", "The Dutch Prize Their Pedal Power, but a Sea of Bikes Swamps Their Capital",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Bureau Monumentenzorg en Archeologie (1300). Real estate prices have surged, and local shops are making way for tourist-oriented ones, making the centre unaffordable for the city's inhabitants. Cycling is key to the city's character, and there are numerous bike paths. Its main purpose is to serve as a podium for pop concerts for big audiences. Ile Amsterdam Tourism: Best of Ile Amsterdam. Class 11 English Chapter 2 NCERT Solutions We’re Not Afraid to Die…if We Can All Be Together Free PDF Download NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Question 1. Two-thirds of the hotels are located in the city's centre. Other squares include Rembrandtplein, Muntplein, Nieuwmarkt, Leidseplein, Spui, and Waterlooplein. The average daily high in August is 22.1 °C (72 °F), and 30 °C (86 °F) or higher is only measured on average on 2.5 days, placing Amsterdam in AHS Heat Zone 2. On 27 June 2018, Femke Halsema (former member of House of Representatives for GroenLinks from 1998 to 2011) was appointed as the first woman to be Mayor of Amsterdam by the King's Commissioner of North Holland for a six-year term after being nominated by the Amsterdam municipal council and began serving a six-year term on 12 July 2018. A new building was added to the museum in 1999. It boasts 51 well-known museums that are dedicated to a many varied topics from the history of sex to the use of marijuana to the life of a famous painter. [37] From the 14th century on, Amsterdam flourished, largely from trade with the Hanseatic League. Electric Ladyland. Here is a compilation of Free MCQs of Class 11 English Hornbill book Chapter 2– We are not afraid to die if we all can be together. Amsterdam has a population density of 4,439 persons per km squared and is located in the Randstad, the most densely populated area of the country. 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